Peralta Community College District's Only Student-Run Publication
Peralta Community College District's only student-run publication.

The Citizen

Peralta Community College District's only student-run publication.

The Citizen

Peralta Community College District's only student-run publication.

The Citizen

Understanding the Supreme Court nomination process

Peralta professors discuss Amy Coney Barrett nomination

Yesterday, President Donald Trump’s third Supreme Court nominee, Amy Coney Barrett, began her confirmation hearing in Washington, DC. Due to a controversial nomination history and with the presidential election weeks away, Barrett’s nomination has created a stronger divide between Democrats and Republicans.  

Amy Coney Barrett takes an oath at the Senate hearing in Washington DC on Oct. 12, 2020 (Photo credit: Getty Images).

In a public lecture on Sept. 24, Laney College political science instructors Scott Godfrey and Felipe Wilson put this significant event into context for Peralta students. During the lecture, they gave a historical overview of the Supreme Court and its powers.

The Supreme Court has made crucial decisions about voting rights, religious liberties, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of the press, the right to an equal education and reproductive rights. Justices remain on the bench for life.

The confirmation process to pick a new justice begins with a formal nomination from the president. The Senate Judiciary Committee then begins to hold hearings, where the justice is questioned. Currently, there are six Republicans and five Democrats on the committee.

You’ll hear senators asking very pointed questions,” Godfrey said. “You’ll hear nominees doing everything they can to avoid answering those questions.”

Following the hearing, the committee issues a report on whether they want to proceed with the confirmation or not. Once that decision is made, the Senate holds a vote. The total confirmation process typically takes two to three months.  

Since 2016, the Supreme Court has seen many changes. In February 2016, Justice Antonin Scalia died. The following month, President Barack Obama nominated Merrick Garland, but the Republican majority refused to hold a vote to nominate him. Their refusal sent “shockwaves throughout our political system,Wilson said.  

“What I will say is that there’s nothing in the Constitution that says, or even implies, that a president loses his power to nominate people in the last year of his office.”

Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg in the West conference room at the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, DC, on Friday, Aug. 30, 2013. (Photo by Nikki Kahn/The Washington Post via Getty Images)

Merrick Garland’s nomination to the Supreme Court expired on January 3, 2017. The seat remained vacant until January 31, 2017, when President  Donald Trump nominated Justice Neil Gorsuch to fill the vacancy. The Senate confirmation began on March 20, 2017 and Gorsuch was confirmed on April 7, 2017.   

In June 2018, Justice Anthony Kennedy retired from the Supreme Court, which led President Trump to nominate Brett Kavanaugh, who was confirmed by the Senate in October. Now, with the passing of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Trump has nominated a justice for the third time. The Republican Party’s insistence to push Barrett’s nomination has been deemed highly hypocritical by most Democrats because of the Republican Party’s refusal to confirm Garland in 2016.

Over the years, the number of Supreme Court justices has fluctuated. Since 1869 there have been nine Supreme Court justices. Currently, five of the justices are conservative and three liberal.

President Donald J. Trump officially nominates Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court during a rose garden event in Washington DC on Sept. 26, 2020. (Photo credit: Getty Images).

To balance the Supreme Court, Democrats have one option known as “packing the court.” If Democrats control the White House, Senate and House after the November election, they could decide to increase the number of justices. “There’s nothing in the Constitution [that] says it has to be nine,” Wilson explained. 

“So they could decide, regardless of who Trump nominates and if that person gets appointed, that they want to, say, increase the number from nine to thirteen.”

This change could impact future Supreme Court rulings on Obamacare, abortion rights, freedom of speech and other significant issues.

If nominated, Barrett could push the Supreme Court towards a conservative majority, which would likely have a significant impact on existing and future laws.

About the Contributor
Farhad Golriz, Staff Writer
Farhad Golriz is an Iranian-American that was raised in Berkeley. He is interested in politics and foreign affairs – in particular, the Middle East. Farhad enjoys writing about events that have happened in other parts of the world and his goal is to be able to speak up for those who feel their voices are not being heard. Farhad’s goal is to one day become a Journalist and he is very honored to be a staff writer for The Citizen at Laney College.
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